Sunday, November 25, 2012

၂၅-၁၁-၂ဝ၁၂ အိႏၵိယ-ျမန္မာ စစ္ေရးပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္မႈတိုးမည္

25-11-2012 India aims to ramp up military ties with Myanmar
By Rajat Pandit, TNN | Nov 25, 2012, 02.58 AM IST
NEW DELHI: India is aiming to ramp up its military ties with Myanmar, after PM Manmohan Singh set the stage for greater bilateral economic cooperation during his visit to Naypyitaw last May, as part of the overall policy to stem Chinese strategic inroads into the energy-rich south-east Asian country.

Defence ministry sources said Air Chief Marshal N A K Browne, in his capacity as the country's senior-most military officer and chairman of the chiefs of staff committee, will be leading a five-member delegation to Myanmar next week.

Defence minister A K Antony will be heading for Naypyitaw early next year to further firm up defence ties — ranging from training and intelligence coordination to "capacity building'' and supply of military equipment to Myanmar.

"The IAF chief-led delegation will be in Myanmar from November 26 to 29, but the dates for the ministerial visit are yet to be finalized,'' said a source. ACM Browne will be calling on the top Myanmarese leadership, apart from holding talks with the military commander-in-chief General Min Aung Hlaing and visiting military establishments.

The top Indian defence visits to Myanmar come soon after Barack Obama earlier this month became the first US President to visit Myanmar, which is slowly undergoing some politico-democratic reforms after half-a-century of being a secretive authoritarian state.

It also comes in the backdrop of Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, released from house arrest by the military junta in 2010, recently expressing `sadness'' at the way the Indian establishment cosied up to the Myanmarese military government over the last decade instead of whole-heartedly supporting the pro-democracy movement in her country.

It was in the late-1990s that India undertook a hard-nosed strategic U-turn in its policy towards Myanmar, after several years of supporting Suu Kyi's democratic movement, when it found China had assiduously forged deep links with Naypyitaw by filling in the vacuum.

Moreover, India also wanted the junta's cooperation in flushing out Indian insurgent groups operating from Myanmarese soil as well as to bolster its eastern region's connectivity to the outside world.

Since then, India has transferred military equipment like Islander maritime patrol aircraft as well as 105mm light artillery guns, naval gun-boats, mortars, grenade-launchers and rifles to Myanmar, the only ASEAN country with which it shares land and maritime borders.

During the PM's trip to Myanmar in May — the first such visit in 25 years — the two countries inked a dozen MoUs, from an air services agreement and border area development pact to a joint trade and investment forum and extension of a $500-million line of credit to Naypyitaw.

As shown by the recent Obama visit to the country, western nations too have also come around to the Indian view of the need to engage with the Myanmarese military leadership in order to, among other things, push for democratic reforms.

အိႏၵိယ ေလတပ္ဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္ ျမန္မာျပည္သြား
မဇၥ်ိမသတင္းဌာန | တနလၤာေန႔၊ ႏုိဝင္ဘာလ ၂၆ ရက္ ၂၀၁၂ ခုႏွစ္ ၁၃ နာရီ ၄၁ မိနစ္

နယူးေဒလီ (မဇၥ်ိမ) ။ ။ ေလတပ္ ဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ၾကီး N.A. K. Browne ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေသာ ငါးဦးပါ အိႏၵိယ တပ္မေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္အဖြဲ႔သည္ တနလၤာေန႔တြင္ ကာကြယ္ေရး ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္မႈ ခရီးစဥ္အျဖစ္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသို႔ သြားေရာက္မည္ ျဖစ္သည္။

အိႏၵိယ ၾကည္း၊ ေရ၊ ေလ အဆင့္ျမင့္ အရာရွိၾကီးမ်ား ပါဝင္သည့္ ဤ ေလးရက္ၾကာ ခရီးစဥ္အတြင္း ျမန္မာ သမၼတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္၊ ကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္ ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မႉးၾကီး မင္းေအာင္လိႈင္ႏွင့္ ကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္ (ေလ) ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ၾကီး ျမတ္ဟိန္းတို႔ႏွင့္ ႏွစ္ႏိုင္ငံ ကာကြယ္ေရးဆိုင္ရာ ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္မႈမ်ား တိုးျမႇင့္ရန္အတြက္ ေတြ႔ဆံုမည္ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း အိႏၵိယ သတင္းဌာနမ်ားတြင္ ေရးသားထားၾကသည္။

လက္ရွိ ႏွစ္ႏိုင္ငံ ပူးတြဲေဆာင္ရြက္ေနမႈမ်ားႏွင့္ က်ယ္ျပန္႔သည့္ စစ္ေရး ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္မႈမ်ား၏ အစိတ္အပိုင္း တရပ္အျဖစ္ အနာဂတ္ အက်ဳိးတူက႑မ်ားအတြက္ ေဆြးေႏြးမႈမ်ား ျပဳလုပ္သြားမည္ဟု သိရသည္။

အမ်ဳိးသား ကာကြယ္ေရး ေကာလိပ္၊ ေလ့က်င့္ေရး သင္တန္းႏွင့္ ကေလာၿမိဳ႕ရွိ ေလယာဥ္ ထုတ္လုပ္ေရးႏွင့္ တပ္ဆင္ေရးစက္႐ုံသို႔လည္း သြားေရာက္ေလ့လာမည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သိရွိရသည္။

ဤခရီးစဥ္အျပင္ ေမလ အတြင္းက ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္ မန္မိုဟန္ဆင္း ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသို႔ လာေရာက္ျခင္း၊ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္း စုၾကည္ ႏိုဝင္ဘာလအတြင္းက အိႏၵိယသို႔ လာေရာက္ျခင္းႏွင့္ ၂ဝ၁၃ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသို႔ သြားေရာက္ရန္ရွိေသာ အိႏၵိယ ကာကြယ္ေရးဝန္ၾကီး A.K. Antony ၏ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံခရီးစဥ္တို႔မွာ ႏွစ္ႏိုင္ငံ ဆက္ဆံေရး တိုးျမႇင့္လာေနေၾကာင္း သက္ေသျပလ်က္ရွိေနသည္ဟု အိႏၵိယသတင္းစာမ်ားက ေရးသားၾကသည္။